Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) carries a 50% mortality rate. The extravasated erythrocytes that surround the brain contain heme, which, when released from damaged red blood cells, functions as a potent danger molecule that induces sterile tissue injury and organ dysfunction. Free heme is metabolized by heme oxygenase (HO), resulting in the generation of carbon monoxide (CO), a bioactive gas with potent immunomodulatory capabilities. Here, using a murine model of SAH, we demonstrated that expression of the inducible HO isoform (HO-1, encoded by
Nils Schallner, Rambhau Pandit, Robert LeBlanc III, Ajith J. Thomas, Christopher S. Ogilvy, Brian S. Zuckerbraun, David Gallo, Leo E. Otterbein, Khalid A. Hanafy
Aggravated neuronal injury after SAH due to HO inhibition with SnPP IX.