Vaccine development for the blood stages of malaria has focused on the induction of antibodies to parasite surface antigens, most of which are highly polymorphic. An alternate strategy has evolved from observations that low-density infections can induce antibody-independent immunity to different strains. To test this strategy, we treated parasitized red blood cells from the rodent parasite
Michael F. Good, Jennifer M. Reiman, I. Bibiana Rodriguez, Koichi Ito, Stephanie K. Yanow, Ibrahim M. El-Deeb, Michael R. Batzloff, Danielle I. Stanisic, Christian Engwerda, Terry Spithill, Stephen L. Hoffman, Moses Lee, Virginia McPhun
Immunization with attenuated parasites.