Michael J. Haller, Stephen E. Gitelman, Peter A. Gottlieb, Aaron W. Michels, Stephen M. Rosenthal, Jonathan J. Shuster, Baiming Zou, Todd M. Brusko, Maigan A. Hulme, Clive H. Wasserfall, Clayton E. Mathews, Mark A. Atkinson, Desmond A. Schatz
BACKGROUND. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery causes profound weight loss and improves insulin sensitivity (SI) in obese patients. Regular exercise can also improve SI in obese individuals; however, it is unknown whether exercise and RYGB surgery–induced weight loss would additively improve SI and other cardiometabolic factors.
METHODS. We conducted a single-blind, prospective, randomized trial with 128 men and women who recently underwent RYGB surgery (within 1–3 months). Participants were randomized to either a 6-month semi-supervised moderate exercise protocol (EX,
RESULTS. 119 (93%) participants completed the interventions, 95% for CON and 91% for EX. There was a significant decrease in body weight and fat mass for both groups (
CONCLUSION. Moderate exercise following RYGB surgery provides additional improvements in SI, SG, and cardiorespiratory fitness compared with a sedentary lifestyle during similar weight loss.
TRIAL REGISTRATION. clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00692367.
FUNDING. This study was funded by the NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (R01 DK078192) and an NIH/National Center for Research Resources/Clinical and Translational Science Award (UL1 RR024153.
Paul M. Coen, Charles J. Tanner, Nicole L. Helbling, Gabriel S. Dubis, Kazanna C. Hames, Hui Xie, George M. Eid, Maja Stefanovic-Racic, Frederico G.S. Toledo, John M. Jakicic, Joseph A. Houmard, Bret H. Goodpaster
Pierre-Alexandre Bart, Yunda Huang, Shelly T. Karuna, Samuel Chappuis, Julien Gaillard, Nidhi Kochar, Xiaoying Shen, Mary A. Allen, Song Ding, John Hural, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F. Haynes, Barney S. Graham, Peter B. Gilbert, M. Juliana McElrath, David C. Montefiori, Georgia D. Tomaras, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Nicole Frahm
Erika A. Tyburski, Scott E. Gillespie, William A. Stoy, Robert G. Mannino, Alexander J. Weiss, Alexa F. Siu, Rayford H. Bulloch, Karthik Thota, Anyela Cardenas, Wilena Session, Hanna J. Khoury, Siobhán O’Connor, Silvia T. Bunting, Jeanne Boudreaux, Craig R. Forest, Manila Gaddh, Traci Leong, L. Andrew Lyon, Wilbur A. Lam
Andrea Vambutas, Martin Lesser, Virginia Mullooly, Shresh Pathak, Gerald Zahtz, Lisa Rosen, Elliot Goldofsky
BACKGROUND. Temozolomide (TMZ) is one of the most potent chemotherapy agents for the treatment of glioblastoma. Unfortunately, almost half of glioblastoma tumors are TMZ resistant due to overexpression of methylguanine methyltransferase (MGMThi). Coadministration of O6-benzylguanine (O6BG) can restore TMZ sensitivity, but causes off-target myelosuppression. Here, we conducted a prospective clinical trial to test whether gene therapy to confer O6BG resistance in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) improves chemotherapy tolerance and outcome.
METHODS. We enrolled 7 newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients with MGMThi tumors. Patients received autologous gene-modified HSCs following single-agent carmustine administration. After hematopoietic recovery, patients underwent O6BG/TMZ chemotherapy in 28-day cycles. Serial blood samples and tumor images were collected throughout the study. Chemotherapy tolerance was determined by the observed myelosuppression and recovery following each cycle. Patient-specific biomathematical modeling of tumor growth was performed. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were also evaluated.
RESULTS. Gene therapy permitted a significant increase in the mean number of tolerated O6BG/TMZ cycles (4.4 cycles per patient,
CONCLUSION. These data support further development of chemoprotective gene therapy in combination with O6BG and TMZ for the treatment of glioblastoma and potentially other tumors with overexpression of MGMT.
TRIAL REGISTRATION. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00669669.
FUNDING. R01CA114218, R01AI080326, R01HL098489, P30DK056465, K01DK076973, R01HL074162, R01CA164371, R01NS060752, U54CA143970.
Jennifer E. Adair, Sandra K. Johnston, Maciej M. Mrugala, Brian C. Beard, Laura A. Guyman, Anne L. Baldock, Carly A. Bridge, Andrea Hawkins-Daarud, Jennifer L. Gori, Donald E. Born, Luis F. Gonzalez-Cuyar, Daniel L. Silbergeld, Russell C. Rockne, Barry E. Storer, Jason K. Rockhill, Kristin R. Swanson, Hans-Peter Kiem
Channa N. Jayasena, Ali Abbara, Alexander N. Comninos, Gurjinder M.K. Nijher, Georgios Christopoulos, Shakunthala Narayanaswamy, Chioma Izzi-Engbeaya, Mathini Sridharan, Alexina J. Mason, Jane Warwick, Deborah Ashby, Mohammad A. Ghatei, Stephen R. Bloom, Anna Carby, Geoffrey H. Trew, Waljit S. Dhillo
Eric G. Meissner, David Wu, Anu Osinusi, Dimitra Bon, Kimmo Virtaneva, Dan Sturdevant, Steve Porcella, Honghui Wang, Eva Herrmann, John McHutchison, Anthony F. Suffredini, Michael Polis, Stephen Hewitt, Ludmila Prokunina-Olsson, Henry Masur, Anthony S. Fauci, Shyamasundaran Kottilil
Mitchell E. Horwitz, Nelson J. Chao, David A. Rizzieri, Gwynn D. Long, Keith M. Sullivan, Cristina Gasparetto, John P. Chute, Ashley Morris, Carolyn McDonald, Barbara Waters-Pick, Patrick Stiff, Steven Wease, Amnon Peled, David Snyder, Einat Galamidi Cohen, Hadas Shoham, Efrat Landau, Etty Friend, Iddo Peleg, Dorit Aschengrau, Dima Yackoubov, Joanne Kurtzberg, Tony Peled
Enoch Muyanja, Aloysius Ssemaganda, Pearline NGauv, Rafael Cubas, Helene Perrin, Divya Srinivasan, Glenda Canderan, Benton Lawson, Jakub Kopycinski, Amanda S. Graham, Dawne K. Rowe, Michaela J. Smith, Sharon Isern, Scott Michael, Guido Silvestri, Thomas H. Vanderford, Erika Castro, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Joel Singer, Jill Gillmour, Noah Kiwanuka, Annet Nanvubya, Claudia Schmidt, Josephine Birungi, Josephine Cox, Elias K. Haddad, Pontiano Kaleebu, Patricia Fast, Rafick-Pierre Sekaly, Lydie Trautmann
Wilber Sabiiti, Emma Robertson, Mathew A. Beale, Simon A. Johnston, Annemarie E. Brouwer, Angela Loyse, Joseph N. Jarvis, Andrew S. Gilbert, Matthew C. Fisher, Thomas S. Harrison, Robin C. May, Tihana Bicanic
Konstantinos D. Rizas, Tuomo Nieminen, Petra Barthel, Christine S. Zürn, Mika Kähönen, Jari Viik, Terho Lehtimäki, Kjell Nikus, Christian Eick, Tim O. Greiner, Hans P. Wendel, Peter Seizer, Jürgen Schreieck, Meinrad Gawaz, Georg Schmidt, Axel Bauer
Eugene J. Koay, Mark J. Truty, Vittorio Cristini, Ryan M. Thomas, Rong Chen, Deyali Chatterjee, Ya’an Kang, Priya R. Bhosale, Eric P. Tamm, Christopher H. Crane, Milind Javle, Matthew H. Katz, Vijaya N. Gottumukkala, Marc A. Rozner, Haifa Shen, Jeffery E. Lee, Huamin Wang, Yuling Chen, William Plunkett, James L. Abbruzzese, Robert A. Wolff, Gauri R. Varadhachary, Mauro Ferrari, Jason B. Fleming
Thomas O. Carpenter, Erik A. Imel, Mary D. Ruppe, Thomas J. Weber, Mark A. Klausner, Margaret M. Wooddell, Tetsuyoshi Kawakami, Takahiro Ito, Xiaoping Zhang, Jeffrey Humphrey, Karl L. Insogna, Munro Peacock
Eric S. Orwoll, Jay Shapiro, Sandra Veith, Ying Wang, Jodi Lapidus, Chaim Vanek, Jan L. Reeder, Tony M. Keaveny, David C. Lee, Mary A. Mullins, Sandesh C.S. Nagamani, Brendan Lee
Ele Ferrannini, Elza Muscelli, Silvia Frascerra, Simona Baldi, Andrea Mari, Tim Heise, Uli C. Broedl, Hans-Juergen Woerle
Background. The majority of patients receiving the platinum-based chemotherapy drug oxaliplatin develop peripheral neurotoxicity. Because this neurotoxicity involves ROS production, we investigated the efficacy of mangafodipir, a molecule that has antioxidant properties and is approved for use as an MRI contrast enhancer.
Methods. The effects of mangafodipir were examined in mice following treatment with oxaliplatin. Neurotoxicity, axon myelination, and advanced oxidized protein products (AOPPs) were monitored. In addition, we enrolled 23 cancer patients with grade ≥2 oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy in a phase II study, with 22 patients receiving i.v. mangafodipir following oxaliplatin. Neuropathic effects were monitored for up to 8 cycles of oxaliplatin and mangafodipir.
Results. Mangafodipir prevented motor and sensory dysfunction and demyelinating lesion formation. In mice, serum AOPPs decreased after 4 weeks of mangafodipir treatment. In 77% of patients treated with oxaliplatin and mangafodipir, neuropathy improved or stabilized after 4 cycles. After 8 cycles, neurotoxicity was downgraded to grade ≥2 in 6 of 7 patients. Prior to enrollment, patients received an average of 880 ± 239 mg/m2 oxaliplatin. Patients treated with mangafodipir tolerated an additional dose of 458 ± 207 mg/m2 oxaliplatin despite preexisting neuropathy. Mangafodipir responders managed a cumulative dose of 1,426 ± 204 mg/m2 oxaliplatin. Serum AOPPs were lower in responders compared with those in nonresponders.
Conclusion. Our study suggests that mangafodipir can prevent and/or relieve oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy in cancer patients.
Trial registration. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00727922.
Funding. Université Paris Descartes, Ministère de la Recherche et de l’Enseignement Supérieur, and Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris.
Romain Coriat, Jérôme Alexandre, Carole Nicco, Laurent Quinquis, Evelyne Benoit, Christiane Chéreau, Hervé Lemaréchal, Olivier Mir, Didier Borderie, Jean-Marc Tréluyer, Bernard Weill, Joel Coste, François Goldwasser, Frédéric Batteux
Hans C. Dreyer, Lisa A. Strycker, Hilary A. Senesac, Austin D. Hocker, Keith Smolkowski, Steven N. Shah, Brian A. Jewett
Chris C. Tang, Andrew Feigin, Yilong Ma, Christian Habeck, Jane S. Paulsen, Klaus L. Leenders, Laura K. Teune, Joost C.H. van Oostrom, Mark Guttman, Vijay Dhawan, David Eidelberg
Ute E. Burkhardt, Ursula Hainz, Kristen Stevenson, Natalie R. Goldstein, Mildred Pasek, Masayasu Naito, Di Wu, Vincent T. Ho, Anselmo Alonso, Naa Norkor Hammond, Jessica Wong, Quinlan L. Sievers, Ana Brusic, Sean M. McDonough, Wanyong Zeng, Ann Perrin, Jennifer R. Brown, Christine M. Canning, John Koreth, Corey Cutler, Philippe Armand, Donna Neuberg, Jeng-Shin Lee, Joseph H. Antin, Richard C. Mulligan, Tetsuro Sasada, Jerome Ritz, Robert J. Soiffer, Glenn Dranoff, Edwin P. Alyea, Catherine J. Wu
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